RPC I, 5460 (forgery)

 

Image of specimen #1

 

Coin type
Volume I
Number 5460 (forgery)
Province Bithynia-Pontus
Region Bithynia
City Apamea
Reign Claudius
Person (obv.) Claudius (Augustus)
Obverse inscription ΤΙΒΕΡΙΟΣ ΚΛΑΥΔΙΟΣ ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΣ
Obverse design laureate head of Claudius, r.
Reverse inscription ΚΛΑΡΙΟΣ ΑΠΟΛΛΩΝ ΜΥΡΛΕΑΝΩΝ
Reverse design Apollo Clarios naked, facing, head l., holding patera (?) in r. hand
Metal Æ
Average diameter 32 mm
Average weight 23.00 g
Axis 12
Specimens 1
Note Orignal comment: "This coin was assigned to Apamea by Babelon and Reinach but its inclusion in the series of that city (2001-16) is difficult for the following reasons: (1) in Roman times, the coins attributed to Apamea have the ethnic C.I.C., as a colony was founded there by Caesar or planned by Caesar and founded by Antony in c. 42-40 BC; the city did not retain its old name Myrlea which is found on coins dated from the fourth and third century BC; (2) the coinage of Apamea in Roman times has Latin legends; (3) the appearance of the type of Apollo Clarios at Apamea is very strange and would suit a mint like Colophon better. Therefore, as the engraving of the legends is equally bizarre, it is suggested here that this coin might possibly be a modern forgery." --- K. Sommer comments (NC 1996, p. 154 note 31): ‘The coin seems to be a coin of the Greek community of Apamea/Myrlea. The reasons given in RPC for not including the coin under Apamea are not compelling: (1) the fact that there was a colony at the place issuing coins does not necessarily mean that there was no Greek community still continuing in many of its old traditions; in fact, this coin could be taken as evidence that there was; (2) this would explain why the coin has Greek legends; (3) the type of Apollo Clarios is not strange at Apamea/Myrlea, as it was a colony of Colophon (cf. O. Hirschfeld, RE 1, 1894, s.v. Apameia (5), 2664), which is probably why Apollo and his symbols are very prominent on the coinage of Apamea (Rec 10-21, 28, 30f.). Moreover Pliny refers to Apamea as ‘nunc Myrlea Colophoniorum’ (NH V.143; he mentions the ‘colonia Apamena’ in 149), and whatever his source (probably Agrippa, cf. W. Kroll, RE 21, 1, 1951 s.v. Plinius (5), 271-439, 304f.), as he mentions Iuliopolis and Germanicopolis in the same context, it must be after the establishment of the colony at Apamea. Therefore as such an unexpected coin is unlikely to be a forgery, it should be accepted as authentic.’ See also B. Woytek, ‘TheCoinage of Apamea Myrlea under Trajan and the Problem of Double Communities in theRoman East’, NC 171 (2011), pp. 121-32.
Correction Corrected coin-type (post publication)

Specimens of this coin type

Number Museum Bibliography
1     ✸ P: 216