RPC I, 3143


Image of specimen #9


Coin type
Volume I
Number 3143
Province Asia
Subprovince Conventus of Apamea
Region Phrygia
City Eumenea
Reign Augustus
Person (obv.) Livia (Augusta)
Magistrate Kastoris (soteira)
Obverse inscription ΗΡΑ Λ(Ε)ΙΒΙΑ
Obverse design draped bust of Livia, r.
Reverse design inscription in wreath
Metal Æ
Average diameter 14 mm
Average weight 2.46 g
Axis 12
Reference GRMK 149, no. 1 corr.
Specimens 12
Note The obv. was misread on his poor specimen by Imhoof-Blumer; the rev. legend is not certain. The second word can be read as ΚΑΣΤΟΡΙΞ or ΚΑΣΤΟΡΙΣ; the third has been read as ΣΩΠΡΑ (W. Weiser, in the sale catalogue cited under 4, where it is interpreted as 'son of Sopras'). We are convinced, however, that the second word was correctly read as ΣΩΤΙΡΑ by Imhoof-Blumer. The interpretation we offer here is that the coin, a smaller denomination for an empress, is signed by a woman (cf. 3149–52 below); her name is Kastoris and she is given the title soteira, just as Epigonos, presumably her husband, is given the title philopatris. On this view, both were in some way benefactors of the city.

Specimens of this coin type

Number Museum Bibliography
1     P: 1988/215 ex Aufhäuser 5, 1988, lot 233
2     L: 1991,0130.68
3     I-B = GRMK, no. 1
4     L: 1989,0502.1 ex Schulten (Apr. 1989) lot 313
5     M. Richter coll. (ex Jacquier Münzliste 10, 1989, no. 140 = Pecunem Numismatik Naumann 41, 6 Mar. 2016, lot 561)
6     RBW (ex Classical Numismatic Review, 1993 First Quarter, lot 355)
7     Yale PRF
8     RBW (ex Künker 124, 16 Mar. 2007, lot 8803)
9     ✸ Naumann 62, 4 Feb. 2018, lot 554
10     Leeds-UL: 854
11     CGT coll.
12     CGT coll. ex G. Rohde