RPC I, 5413


Image of specimen #9


Coin type
Volume I
Number 5413
Province Uncertain
Region Uncertain
City Uncertain
Reign Augustus
Person (obv.) Augustus
Magistrate Marcus Memmius Flaminius (duovir quinquennalis for the second time) ; Titus Vomanius (duovir quinquennalis for the second time)
Dating 26 BC
Obverse design bare head of Augustus, r.
Reverse inscription T VOMAN M MEMM FLAM QVINQ ITER
Reverse design two goddesses with kalathos seated facing, holding patera (?)
Metal Æ
Average diameter 19 mm
Axis 12
Reference FITA 143–4
Specimens 11 (4 in the core collections)
Note 5412-4: The above issue, struck in three denominations, has raised problems of interpretation and mint. Only 5413 and 5414 have been published before; series 5412 is unpublished. [..., see RPC I, p. 716 for full comment]. This attribution [to Heraclea] is no longer possible, now that we know that the issue was struck in 26 BC. But the problem remains insoluble: the issue was struck by a colony that had existed at least ten years in 26 BC and had been founded during the Triumvirate. All the new specimens that have turned up recently are from Turkey, though unfortunately without an exact provenance; Cilicia seems to be the only area that can be ruled out (according to E. Levante). The humped bull on 5412 might suggest that it was struck in southeastern Anatolia, and the same goes for the twin goddesses on series 5413, where the closest parallel is indeed Comama or, slightly less likely, Aspendos (see L. Robert, Hellenica XI-XII (1960), pp. 176–88). The colonies of Antioch, Olbasa, Comama, Cremna, Parlais or Lystra are among the possibilities, except that they are all thought to have been founded by Augustus. This issue would therefore indicate that one of them was in fact founded earlier or that there was another colony, hitherto unknown.

Specimens of this coin type

Number Number Museum Bibliography
1 1     L: 1978,1002.1 vA
2 2     L: 1885,0606.355 FITA, pl. IV, 24: obv.
3 3     P: 1981/402 Sternberg XI, 1981, lot 372
4 4     B: I-B FITA, pl. IV, 24: rev.
5 5     RBW = Private coll., Paris
6 6     JSW = CNG EA 194, 20 Aug. 2008, lot 216
7 7     Lindgren III, 1656
8 8     Private coll.
9 9     ✸ Naumann 92, 2 Aug. 2020, lot 408 = Naumann 96, 1 Nov. 2020, lot 270
10 10     Ares 6, 19 Jan. 2020, lot 360
11 11     Rex Numismatics Rex Budget 1, 19 Aug. 2023, lot 590