RPC III, 4800.1


Image of specimen #2


Coin type
Volume III
Number 4800.1
Province Egypt
Region Egypt
City Alexandria
Reign Trajan
Person (obv.) Trajan (Augustus)
Issue L IZ = year 17
Dating AD 113/14
Obverse inscription ΑΥΤ ΤΡΑΙΑΝ ϹƐΒ ΓƐΡΜ ΔΑΚΙΚ
Nominative Imperator Traianus Augustus Germanicus Dacicus
Obverse design half-length nude bust of Trajan, wreath with ears of corn r., with drapery on l. shoulder
Reverse inscription L ΙΖ
Reverse design Helios (radiate) in galloping quadriga, r.; above, small object carried by two birds (?)
Metal Æ
Average diameter 33 mm
Axis 12
Specimens 9 (4 in the core collections)
Note The identity of the figure has seemed uncertain, here and for the same design in year 16 (4730). The quadriga initially seems to suggest the Emperor, but his quadriga is normally walking, not galloping. On the Amsterdam specimens, on one the object held by the figure seems clearly to be a whip, while on the other he seems definitely to be radiate. Helios with whip seems very clear on the CNG coin (‘Helios-Sarapis’). Thus Helios is adopted here. The design also occurs in year 16, but probably not 20. The small object above the quadriga is usually indistinct, but on the CNG, Berk and Amsterdam coins it looks like a small object (a half-length bust?) carried by two birds (eagles?). ‘Über den Pferden sieht man eine Wolke, darauf die geflügelte Eos, die Göttin der Morgenröte, in einer Biga’ (Kellner), but Eos is accompanied by a horse on coins of Marcus Aurelius. Curtis had a specimen which he described as ‘Emperor (rad. as Helios) in quadriga r., salutes Nike above horses: in ex. LIZ’: Curtis’ annotated copy of Milne. But, as pointed out by Patrick Matthijs, the object and birds are very similar to the ‘Canopus’ pulled by two eagles on coins of year 13 (and perhaps 14) (4372.2 and 4506)

Specimens of this coin type

Number Number Museum Bibliography
1 1     P: 1365 SNG 1189
2 2     ✸ P: 1364 SNG 1190
3 3     NY: 1944.100.55629
4 4     V: GR 24194
5 5     Amsterdam
6 6     Amsterdam
7 7     Amsterdam
8 8     Berk 65.54
9 9     Kellner 4.14 = Triton 18 (2015), lot 906 = Matthijs